Bangladesh is heir to a very rich cultural legacy, despite the various destructive activities of nature and man over centuries. In its over two millennia of chequred history splendid cities, palaces, temples, stupas, monasteries, mosques, mausoleums, roads, bridges etc. were created by various dynasties, dignitaries and even commoners. These are the unmistakable source for the reconstruction of human history of this fertile delta. But unfortunately a large number of those establishments have disappeared with the passage of time. Still the surviving relics are not less than 2000 which spread throughout the country.
Department of Archaeology owns 391 such relics which have been declared as protected monuments under the provisions of the Antiquities Act. 1968 (Amended in 1976). Of them Paharpur Buddhist Monastery and Bagerhat group of monuments have been included on the World Cultural Heritage List and Mahasthan, Mainamati, Sitakot Vihara, Kantaji Temple and Gaur Group of monuments are in the tentative list. Other famous sites are Vasu Bihar, Bihar Dhap, Mongolkot, Bharat Bhayna, Harishchandra’s Palace, Baro Bazar group of monuments, Baga Mosque, Kushmba Mosque, Hatikumrul Temples, Panam City and so on. Short description of some major archaeological sites is as follow :